Is C++ More Popular Than C?

Last month TIOBE announced its estimate that the four most popular programming languages were:
1. Python
2. C
3. C++
4. Java
But this month C++ “overtook” C for the first time, TIOBE announced, becoming (according to the same methodology) the #2 most popular programming language, with C dropping to #3. ” C++ has never been that high in the TIOBE index,” says TIOBE Software CEO Paul Jansen in the announcement, “whereas C has never been that low.”

1. Python
2. C++
3. C
4. Java

C++ started a new life as of 2011 with its consistent 3 yearly updates. Although most compilers and most engineers can’t take up with this pace, it is considered a success to see the language evolve.

The main strengths of C++ are its performance and scalability. Its downside is its many ways to get things done, i.e. its rich idiom of features, which is caused by its long history and aim for backward compatibility.

C++ is heavily used in embedded systems, game development and financial trading software, just to name a few domains.

There’s different rankings from the rival PYPL index of programming language popularity. It lumps C and C++ together to award them a collective ranking (#5). But unlike TIOBE, it shows Java [and JavaScript and C#] all being more popular (with Python still the #1 most popular language).

Of course, statistical anomalies could be also skewing the results. Visual Basic also lost two ranks in popularity in the last month, according to TIOBE, dropping from the #7 position to the #9 position (now falling just behind Go and SQL). This becomes the first time that Go has risen as high as #7, according to TIOBE’s announcement — with Rust also reaching an all-time high of #17…

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FORTRAN and COBOL Re-enter TIOBE’s Ranking of Programming Language Popularity

“The TIOBE Index sets out to reflect the relative popularity of computer languages,” writes i-Programmer, “so it comes as something of a surprise to see two languages dating from the 1950’s in this month’s Top 20.

Having broken into the the Top 20 in April 2021 Fortran has continued to rise and has now risen to it’s highest ever position at #10… The headline for this month’s report by Paul Jansen on the TIOBE index is:
Fortran in the top 10, what is going on?
Jansen’s explanation points to the fact that there are more than 1,000 hits on Amazon for “Fortran Programming” while languages such as Kotlin and Rust, barely hit 300 books for the same search query. He also explains that Fortran is still evolving with the new ISO Fortran 2023 definition published less than half a year ago….

The other legacy language that is on the rise in the TIOBE index is COBOL. We noticed it re-enter the Top 20 in January 2024 and, having dropped out in the interim, it is there again this month.

More details from TechRepublic:

Along with Fortran holding on to its spot in the rankings, there were a few small changes in the top 10. Go gained 0.61 percentage points year over year, rising from tenth place in May 2023 to eighth this year. C++ rose slightly in popularity year over year, from fourth place to third, while Java (-3.53%) and Visual Basic (-1.8) fell.

Here’s how TIOBE ranked the 10 most popular programming languages in May:

Visual Basic

On the rival PYPL ranking of programming language popularity, Fortran does not appear anywhere in the top 29.
A note on its page explains that “Worldwide, Python is the most popular language, Rust grew the most in the last 5 years (2.1%) and Java lost the most (-4.0%).” Here’s how it ranks the 10 most popular programming languages for May:

Python (28.98% share)
Java (15.97% share)
JavaScript (8.79%)
C# (6.78% share)
R (4.76% share)
PHP (4.55% share)
TypeScript (3.03% share)
Swift (2.76% share)
Rust (2.6% share)

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Julia v1.10 Improves Performance, and Gnuplot Gets Pie Charts

Julia 1.0 was released in 2018 — after a six-year wait.

And there’s now another update. gets you up to speed, calling Julia “a general-purpose, open-source programming language with a focus on high-performance scientific computing.”

Some of Julia’s unusual features:
– Lisp-inspired metaprogramming
– The ability to examine compiled representations of code in the REPL or in a “reactive notebook”
– An advanced type and dispatch system
– A sophisticated, built-in package manager.

Version 1.10 brings big increases in speed and developer convenience, especially improvements in code precompilation and loading times. It also features a new parser written in Julia… [I]t is faster, it produces more useful syntax-error messages, and it provides better source-code mapping, which associates locations in compiled code to their corresponding lines in the source. That last improvement also leads to better error messages and makes it possible to write more sophisticated debuggers and linters…

Between the improvements in precompilation and loading times, and the progress in making small binaries, two major and perennial complaints, of beginners and seasoned Julia users alike, have been addressed… StaticCompiler and related WebAssembly tools will make it easier to write web applications in Julia for direct execution in the browser; it is already possible, but may become more convenient over the next few years.

Thanks for sharing the article to long-time Slashdot reader lee1 — who also wrote No Starch Press’s Practical Julia: A Hands-On Introduction for Scientific Minds .

lee1 also reminds us that Gnuplot 6.0 was released in December:
lee1 writes: This article surveys the new features, including filled contours in 3D, adaptive plotting resolution, watchpoints, clipping of surfaces, pie charts, and new syntax for conditionals.

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NPM Users Download 2.1B Deprecated Packages Weekly, Say Security Researchers

The cybersecurity site SC Media reports that NPM registry users “download deprecated packages an estimated 2.1 billion times weekly, according to a statistical analysis of the top 50,000 most-downloaded packages in the registry.”

Deprecated, archived and “orphaned” NPM packages can contain unpatched and/or unreported vulnerabilities that pose a risk to the projects that depend on them, warned the researchers from Aqua Security’s Team Nautilus, who published their findings in a blog post on Sunday… In conjunction with their research, Aqua Nautilus has released an open-source tool that can help developers identify deprecated dependencies in their projects.

Open-source software may stop receiving updates for a variety of reasons, and it is up to developers/maintainers to communicate this maintenance status to users. As the researchers pointed out, not all developers are transparent about potential risks to users who download or depend on their outdated NPM packages. Aqua Nautilus researchers kicked off their analysis after finding that one open-source software maintainer responded to a report about a vulnerability Nautilus discovered by archiving the vulnerable repository the same day. By archiving the repository without fixing the security flaw or assigning it a CVE, the owner leaves developers of dependent projects in the dark about the risks, the researchers said…

Taking into consideration both deprecated packages and active packages that have a direct dependency on deprecated projects, the researchers found about 4,100 (8.2%) of the top 50,000 most-downloaded NPM packages fell under the category of “official” deprecation. However, adding archived repositories to the definition of “deprecated” increased the number of packages affected by deprecation and deprecated dependencies to 6,400 (12.8%)… Including packages with linked repositories that are shown as unavailable (404 error) on GitHub increases the deprecation rate to 15% (7,500 packages), according to the Nautilus analysis. Encompassing packages without any linked repository brings the final number of deprecated packages to 10,600, or 21.2% of the top 50,000. Team Nautilus estimated that under this broader understanding of package deprecation, about 2.1 billion downloads of deprecated packages are made on the NPM registry weekly.

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Why the Creator of Ruby on Rails Prefers Dynamic Typing

“I write all novel client-side code as JavaScript instead of TypeScript, and it’s a delight,” says the creator of Ruby on Rails. Posting on Twitter, David Heinemeier Hansson opined that TypeScript “sucked out much of the joy I had writing JavaScript. I’m forever grateful that Yukihiro ‘Matz’ Matsumoto didn’t succumb to the pressure of adding similar type hints to Ruby.”

When it comes to static vs dynamic typing, “I’ve heard a million arguments from both sides throughout my entire career,” Hansson wrote on his blog today, “but seen very few of them ever convinced anyone of anything.”
But wait — he thinks we can all get along:
Personally, I’m unashamedly a dynamic typing kind of guy. That’s why I love Ruby so very much. It takes full advantage of dynamic typing to allow the poetic syntax that results in such beautiful code. To me, Ruby with explicit, static typing would be like a salad with a scoop of ice cream. They just don’t go together.

I’ll also confess to having embraced the evangelical position for dynamic typing in the past. To the point of suffering from a One True Proposition affliction. Seeing the lack of enthusiasm for dynamic typing as a reflection of missing education, experience, or perhaps even competence.

Oh what folly. Like trying to convince an introvert that they’d really like parties if they’d just loosen up a bit…

These days, I’ve come to appreciate the magnificence of multiplicity. Programming would be an awful endeavor if we were all confined to the same paradigm. Human nature is much too varied to accept such constraint on its creativity…But it took a while for me to come to these conclusions. I’m a recovering solutionist. So when I see folks cross their heart in disbelief that anyone, anywhere might fancy JavaScript over TypeScript, I smile, and I remember the days when I’d recognize their zeal in the mirror.

Hansson also sees the “magnificence of multiplicity” in positions about functional vs object-oriented programming. “Poles on both these axes have shown to deliver excellent software over the decades (and awful stuff too!).”

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Rust Foundation Solicits Feedback on Updated Policy for Trademarks

“Rust” and “Cargo” are registered trademarks held by the Rust Foundation — the independent non-profit supporting Rust’s maintainers. In August 1,000 people responded to the foundation’s Trademark Policy Review Survey, after which the foundation invited any interested individuals to join their Trademark Policy Working Group (which also included Rust Project leaders). They’ve now created a draft of an updated policy for feedback…

Crate, RS, “Rustacean,” and the logo of Ferris the crab are all available for use by anyone consistent with their definition, with no special permission required. Here’s how the document’s quick reference describes other common use-cases:
Selling Goods — Unless explicitly approved, use of the Rust name or Logo is not allowed for the purposes of selling products/promotional goods for gain/profit, or for registering domain names. For example, it is not permitted to sell stickers of the Rust logo in an online shop for your personal profit.
Showing Support of Rust — When showing your support of the Rust Project on a personal site or blog, you may use the Rust name or Logo, as long as you abide by all the requirements listed in the Policy. You may use the Rust name or Logo in social media handles, avatars, and emojis to demonstrate Rust Project support in a manner that is decorative, so long as you don’t suggest commercial Rust affiliation.
Inclusion of the Marks in Educational Materials — You may use the Rust name in book and article titles and the Logo in graphic components, so long as you make it clear that the Rust Project or Foundation has not reviewed/approved/endorsed your content.
There’s also a FAQ, answering questions like “Can I use the Rust logo as my Twitter Avatar?” The updated policy draft says “We consider social media avatars on personal accounts to be fair use. On the other hand, using Rust trademarks in corporate social media bios/profile pictures is prohibited…. In general, we prohibit the modification of the Rust logo for any purpose, except to scale it. This includes distortion, transparency, color-changes affiliated with for-profit brands or political ideologies. On the other hand, if you would like to change the colors of the Rust logo to communicate allegiance with a community movement, we simply ask that you run the proposed logo change by us…”

And for swag at events using the Rust logo, “Merch developed for freebies/giveaways is normally fine, however you need approval to use the Rust Word and/or Logo to run a for-profit event. You are free to use Ferris the crab without permission… If your event is for-profit, you will need approval to use the Rust name or Logo. If you are simply covering costs and the event is non-profit, you may use the Rust name or Logo as long as it is clear that the event is not endorsed by the Rust Foundation. You are free to use Ferris the crab without permission.”

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